Pinus echinata, the shortleaf pine, is a species of pine native to the eastern United States from southernmost New York, south to northern Florida, west to eastern Oklahoma, and southwest to eastern Texas.Shortleaf pine has the largest range of the southern US yellow pines, but reaches its ecological maxima around western Arkansas in the Ouachita Mountains. than other southern pines. Habitat information from: Weakley, Alan S., Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, Working Draft of 21 May 2015. The bark is reddish-brown (almost black when young), furrowed, and broken into large, scaly plates. As the tree ages, flat scales which reveal a yellowish color when removed develop. The tree has 3- to 5-inch slender and flexible needles in clusters of 2 or 3. Unlike loblolly, which grows quickly and forms a dense, closed canopy, the shortleaf pine has a more open canopy that supports multiple levels of habitat for a variety of species. They are 7.5-12 cm long, slender, soft and flexible, sharp pointed, yellowish-green to dark bluish-green. —Shortleaf pine, by virtue of its wide distribution and occurrence in many forest types in eastern North America, is an important species that provides high habitat value for many wildlife species. It grows in 22 States over more than 1 139 600 km2 (440,000 Figure l-The native rangeof shortleafpine. Shortleaf pine is a medium tall tree with a short crown. The bark is scaly and dark on young trees. The fascicle sheath is persistent. Shortleaf pine seeds are an important food source for birds and small mammals. Stands of seedlings and saplings provide cover for bobwhite quail and wild turkey. The needles are usually 2 per bundle but sometimes 3. Old-growth shortleaf pine provides habitat for cavity dwellers like songbirds and woodpeckers. Shortleaf pine stands also provide excellent habitat for wildlife, with open canopies that support multiple levels of habitat for a variety of species. Shortleaf Pine is an evergreen tree that may grow 80 to 100 feet tall. Shortleaf pine stands are also excellent for wildlife habitat. Habitat Native Range Shortleaf pine (fig. Shortleaf pine functions as a structural habitat element in both mixed oak-pine forests and in pine … Distribution. Now in the implementation phase, the project partners are using sustainable timber management, prescribed fire, and strategic plantings to revitalize the vanishing habitat. Shortleaf pine has seen a 70 to 80 percent reduction in parts of Tennessee since 1980. 1) has the widest range of any pine in the southeastern United States. Most of the shortleaf pines were planted on recently cleared loblolly pine plantations. 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